Balance These 4 Hormones for Weight Loss

Healthy Living, Lifestyle, Menopause

By: // February 24, 2020

Your hormones impact so many things—from your mood and energy levels to your weight.

Your hormones fluctuate monthly, but also throughout the course of your life as you go from puberty to adulthood and then into menopause. Hormones can become imbalanced due to a variety of factors, including perimenopause, menopause, or lifestyle choices.

In this article, we cover ways to naturally balance four hormones that can impact your weight—estrogen, cortisol, leptin and insulin—so you can lose weight naturally and feel great.

1. Estrogen

Estrogen is the hormone responsible for the development of female sexual characteristics (breasts and hips). There’s an interesting connection between estrogen and weight gain in menopause.

During menopause, levels of all your hormones tend to decrease, including estrogen and progesterone.

Your doctor may have told you that your estrogen levels are plummeting, which is why it’s confusing to hear that estrogen dominance can cause weight gain in menopause.

Young fitness women talking to each other

While estrogen levels decrease during menopause, if your progesterone levels are decreasing more than your estrogen, you can still have estrogen dominance.

Estrogen dominance is really about the ratio of estrogen to progesterone—if you have too much estrogen compared to your progesterone (no matter how little it is) you can gain weight and store more fat around your middle.  

The typical thought process is that menopause is an estrogen deficiency disease. Basically your ovaries stop producing it which is true.  But if you’ve been on any hormone replacement or if you have lifestyle habits that expose you to environmental estrogens, then no surprise—you could have estrogen dominance.

Exposure to environmental estrogens which are estrogen-like chemicals in our environment can cause issues.  Some of these are things we ingest like pesticides, hormones in animal products, and plastics—all known as “endocrine disruptors.”

How to balance estrogen for weight loss:

To avoid estrogen dominance, you want to keep a fine balance between your progesterone and estrogen.

Integrative Medicine Doctor Sara Gottfried, M.D., recommends eating a pound of veggies per day, as she states the fiber will help remove any excess estrogen from the body.

Gottfried also recommends that women should aim for 35 to 45 gram of fiber intake per day, increasing their amount slowly so as not to cause stomach upset.

You can also naturally balance estrogen dominance by:

  • Reducing your red meat intake
  • Eliminating excess sugar or processed foods
  • Exercising daily to promote detoxification

2. Cortisol

Cortisol regulates your body’s response to stressful situations.

Unfortunately, we are so inundated with a constant stream of modern stressors, like the need to communicate across a variety of channels, that our bodies are creating a surplus amount of cortisol.

According to lead cardiovascular researchers at the University Medical Center in the Netherlands, having excess cortisol puts you at increased risk of heart disease, and it also cause you to store visceral fat around your internal organs, which often appears as excess belly fat.

Related: Can Stress Cause Belly Fat?

How to balance cortisol for weight loss:

Woman holding coffee cup with red nails

Simply put, you need to reset your body’s response to stress.

Gottfried recommends slowly weaning yourself off excessive caffeine or switching from coffee to tea. If tea isn’t your favorite choice. you can also do other things to lower your cortisol levels, such as practicing mindfulness.

This idea may seem vague, but it’s really straightforward: slow down, breathe, and pay attention to what you’re doing.

So often we get distracted and rush from thing to thing, and this task-switching can significantly raise stress levels.

Instead, try paying attention to one task at a time.

Other ways you can naturally lower your cortisol levels include:

  • Meditation
  • Taking a magnesium supplement or B vitamin
  • Consistently get better, longer sleep

3. Leptin

Leptin is produced by the body’s fat cells, and its primary function is to tell a part of our brain (the hypothalamus) that we’re satiated, or full.

Our modern diet is saturated with a type of sugar called fructose, found in many processed foods (everything from pasta sauce to salad dressings).

When too much fructose floods your body, your body stores it as fat. This leads to an excess of leptin; when one has too much leptin it’s possible to become leptin resistant, meaning your body no longer can tell if you’re full or not—and you keep eating and gaining weight.

PS – do not get this confused with the naturally occurring fructose in sugar. Natural sugar combined with fiber is used differently in the bloodstream, and is generally not a problem. Fruit can (and should) remain part of a healthy diet.

How to balance leptin for weight loss:

A huge component to balancing your leptin levels is getting enough sleep. When you don’t get enough sleep, your leptin levels are lower and you don’t feel as satisfied after you eat. Harvard studies show that sleep deprivation reduces leptin levels and actually increases your body’s desire for fatty or carbohydrate-rich foods.

If you suspect a leptin imbalance is to blame for your weight gain, make sleep a priority each and every night—we should all be prioritizing sleep anyway for its myriad of health benefits. But if weight loss is the kick in the pants you need to start catching more zzz’s, then let that be your motivation.

Other ways to balance your leptin levels include:

  • Taking an Omega 3 supplement or eat more Omega 3 rich foods such as fatty fish, grass-fed meats, and chia seeds
  • Decreasing your fructose intake by eating little to no added sugar
  • Exercising regularly

4. Insulin

Insulin is a hormone created by your pancreas which helps regulate glucose, or blood sugar, in your body. If you’re overweight or storing too much visceral fat around your organs, your body’s glucose regulator (insulin) gets thrown off balance and you may have a harder time losing weight.

In addition, if you tend to eat sugary foods throughout the day, you keep your insulin working overtime trying to clear the sugar from your blood. Insulin stores extra sugar as fat.

How To balance insulin For weight loss:

Sugar cubes on wood table discussing the effects of sugar on insulin and weight.

One small step you can take is by starting the day drinking filtered water with two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar. This will help you regulate your blood sugar first thing in the morning.

If apple cider vinegar sounds too harsh for you, ease into it or at least drink 16 oz of water every morning before you eat or drink anything else.

This acts as a natural body flush. (I like to add lemon to my water.)

Other ways to naturally balance your insulin levels include:

  • Getting enough protein with every meal
  • Eating smaller, healthy meals more often
  • Eating low-glycemic carbs (fruits, beans, non-starchy veggies)
  • Eliminating added sugars from your diet

The bottom line is this: if you’ve been struggling to lose weight but can’t figure out what you’re doing wrong, your hormones may be to blame.

You can ask your doctor to test your hormones, as well as use the above information to try different techniques to bring suspected problem hormones back into balance.

It’s your body, and you should know everything you can to not only lose weight but feel happy, healthy and whole.

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READ THIS NEXT: How To Prevent Menopausal Weight Gain

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on March 21, 2021 at 2:36 PM Reply

Have a endocrinologist doing tests pituitary was larger fory age want to lose weight my guilt and overeating doesn't help what'sy is a safe hormones

on February 20, 2019 at 6:55 PM Reply

I am at a loss and even my Natureapath can't help. Went from 110 lbs to 165 due to menapause. Dr. put me on thyroid med, progesterone and testosterone. Went down to 145 due to thyroid med. However, can't lose any more weight. I am vegan, no grains and recently even cut out healthy fats. So vegan, no fat, no grain, no sugar diet. Only way I can lose is if I go on a 35 calorie a day diet. Literally wud have to starve myself. So frustrated and depressed.

    on February 25, 2019 at 2:45 PM Reply

    Donna - It sounds like you have some serious allergies and food sensitivities but know that you are not alone. I am sorry to hear that you are struggling with food and what to eat, but definitely start with speaking with your doctor. Your doctor may have some great advice. However, I know that with myself and clients that I work with who are going through menopause, activity and exercise is key! Do you exercise or spend some time working out every day? My advice on that piece is to start easy and see what your body is able to do. It will also help with your energy levels. Hopefully a small dose of exercise can help with burning a few extra calories to help with some weight loss.

on December 11, 2018 at 3:49 AM Reply

Oliv, you mentioned taking 'liquids' are you taking any hormones? many thanks

on December 11, 2018 at 3:46 AM Reply

Leah! thank you that is so encouraging. All I can say is me as well, 49, same weight all my life then got fibroids, surgery 3 years ago and now 18 lbs gained weight, not much energy and drive, sleeping 10 hours a night easy.

on December 9, 2018 at 4:06 PM Reply

Hi Ladies, I have struggled with all the above issues too. I have found that balancing my hormones with Homeopathic Bioidentical HGH Gel has been a life saver for me. The weight is gone and the libido is back :) I am happy to answer any question any of you have on this topic. Feel free to email . Have a great day!

on November 23, 2018 at 2:24 PM Reply

These stories sound so similar to all of our stories. The struggle is real and frustrating . After being on birth control till 55 I have been searching for answers. So far I have found nothing that works. I work out watch what I eat Try every diet and I can’t lose a pound . I don’t like how my body has changed and I can’t get it back on track .It shouldn’t be this difficult and I didnt even talk about the other symptoms that come along with menopause! Their has to be help out there Just haven’t found it!

on September 30, 2018 at 6:32 AM Reply

I read all your stories..i feel alive again after dr put me on biodentical hrt....but the water retention and weight gain is no joke..realy and truly..going back to just estrogen...

on September 19, 2018 at 12:59 PM Reply

Any of you, that posted this past summer, have an update on weight loss after being on hormones or supplements? Feeling better is one thing, but continued weight gain or no weight loss is very frustrating. Julie? Hilary? Thanks

on September 17, 2018 at 4:13 PM Reply

I have also been through the exact same as all of you. My primary was an endocrinologist and found nothing wrong with my hormone levels. Told me to work out more and continue to eat healthy. So then my gynecologist said I had PCOS and prescribed metformin, birth control (low low estrogen fe), and Zoloft. I was still having issues and unable to lose weight. I sought a new doctor when I moved to Florida. They ran another blood panel and found that while my T3 and T4, and free T3 and free T4 levels fell within in the normal range, they were a little higher and there is a certain range that she likes to see women in. My free T3 were high. Then, a testosterone test was done. I had no idea that women naturally produce more testosterone than estrogen, and my testosterone levels were so low that the numbers did not even register on the test! The doctor took me off of birth control completely and put me on progesterone as that was also low, and I am also taking thyroid. Also, I now take weekly doses of testosterone. Because of the increase in testosterone, I was able to be weaned off of Zoloft, my energy levels have significantly increased so much that I don’t need coffee or caffeinated products anymore. I also take an omega-3 and Vitamin D (5,000 IUD and 10,000 IUD each, every other day). I also take Magnesium Malate or Magnesium Chloride, 1,000 mg per day, as well as MSM powder and Collogen powder. Ladies, for the first time in 10 years, I was able to do back to back days at Busch Gardens and Adventure Island. I rode all of the rides at both parks. Do not accept feeling poor. Seek out a medical expert who specializes in hormone care. My primary was an endocrinologist and even he had nothing to offer me. Hang in there and don’t give up!

on September 11, 2018 at 4:51 AM Reply

Its not fun anymore!! why dont some women gain any weight and I gain weight monthly? seems as if nothing works. workout, eat, no eat, sleep, no sleep, water, coffee, no coffee. I am 56 and struggle last 10years since menopause started with hot flushes to no extend. on activelle, it helps for the hot flushes, but causes weight gain. can not live with hot flushes that makes me feel like hell on earth. can someone please give advise that works

    on September 11, 2018 at 8:52 AM Reply

    Hello - sorry to hear about your struggle. Menopause can really be a doozy for many women! Definitely read this article and also check out another one about dealing with the most common menopause symptoms: & If you're symptoms continue to be severe, it may be worth talking with your doctor!

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